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Int J Family Med. 2013;2013:603713. doi: 10.1155/2013/603713. Epub 2013 Dec 7.

Risk of Burnout in Danish GPs and Exploration of Factors Associated with Development of Burnout: A Two-Wave Panel Study.

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Research Unit for General Practice and Research Centre for Cancer Diagnosis in Primary Care (CaP), Health, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 2, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.



We assessed risk of burnout in GPs during a 7-year followup and examined whether (1) thoughts about changing medical specialty increased the risk of burnout and (2) burned out GPs had higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs.


In 2004 and 2012, all GPs in the county of Aarhus, Denmark, were invited to participate in a survey. Retirement status of physicians who participated in 2004 was obtained through the Registry of Health Providers in 2012.


216 GPs completed both surveys. The risk of developing burnout during the 7-year followup was 13.2% (8.2-19.6%). GPs who in 2004 were burnout-free and reported that they would not select general practice as medical specialty again had a statistically significant increased risk of burnout in 2012 (OR = 4.5; 95% CI = 1.2-16.5; P = 0.023). Among GPs with burnout in 2004, 25.0% had withdrawn from general practice during followup compared to 28.8% of burnout-free GPs in 2004 (adj. OR = 0.99; 95% CI = 0.48-2.02; P = 0.975).


The 7-year incidence of burnout was 13%. Thoughts about changing medical specialty were an important predictor of burnout. Burned out GPs had not higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs.

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