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Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Jan;65(1):61-5. doi: 10.1007/s12070-012-0604-8.

Therapeutic effect on idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss with duration of onset more than 3 months.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250021 China.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and stability upon idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) patients with duration of onset more than 3 months. Twenty-eight patients diagnosed as ISSNHL were treated by intravenous injection and another 26 by oral medication. Pure tone tests were undertaken at pre-therapy, the 3rd, 7th, 10th, 14th day of post-treatment, and 1 and 2 months of follow-up respectively. A total of 54 ISSNHL patients with duration of onset ranged from 3 months to 19 years were concerned. In the group administrated by intravenous injection, the total effective rate was 64.29 % including 2 cases total recovery, 3 excellent and 13 partial recovery. In the oral administration group, there was no recovery or excellence case, and 8 (30.77 %) showed partial recovery. There was significant difference between the two groups in total effective rates (P < 0.05). The treatment efficacy were stable in both two groups, and the difference in stability was no statistical significance (P = 0.397). There was therapeutic value for ISSNHL duration of onset more than 3 months, especially for patients with mild and moderate hearing loss. The administration by intravenous injection should be the optimization.

KEYWORDS:

Patient history; Pharmacotherapy; Sensorineural hearing loss; Sudden deafness

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