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Rehabil Res Pract. 2013;2013:208187. doi: 10.1155/2013/208187. Epub 2013 Dec 7.

Assessing and comparing global health competencies in rehabilitation students.

Author information

1
University of Ottawa/Saint Elizabeth Health Care, Nursing Best Practice Research Center, University of Ottawa, 1118E, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8M5.
2
Departments of Family Medicine and Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6H7.
3
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Room 160, 500 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1V7.
4
Institute of Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6H7 ; Canada Foundation for Nepal, Canada.
5
Bruyère Research Institute, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6H7.
6
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Clinical Epidemiology Program, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6H7.
7
Departments of Family Medicine and Epidemiology and Community Medicine, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6H7.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Globalization is contributing to changes in health outcomes and healthcare use in many ways, including health professionals' practices. The objective of this study was to assess and compare global health competencies in rehabilitation students.

METHOD:

Online cross-sectional survey of physiotherapy and occupational therapy students from five universities within Ontario. We used descriptive statistics to analyze students' perceived knowledge, skills, and learning needs in global health. We used Chi-square tests, with significance set at P < 0.05, to compare results across professions.

RESULTS:

One hundred and sixty-six students completed the survey. In general, both physiotherapy and occupational therapy students scored higher on the "relationship between work and health," "relationship between income and health," and "socioeconomic position (SEP) and impact on health" and lower on "Access to healthcare for low income nations," "mechanisms for why racial and ethnic disparities exist," and "racial stereotyping and medical decision making." Occupational therapy students placed greater importance on learning concerning social determinants of health (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION:

This paper highlights several opportunities for improvement in global health education for rehabilitation students. Educators and professionals should consider developing strategies to address these needs and provide more global health opportunities in rehabilitation training programs.

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