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Vascul Pharmacol. 2014 Feb;60(2):52-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vph.2013.12.003. Epub 2013 Dec 28.

Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation - basic principles and clinical evidence.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, University of Leipzig - Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: s-dw@gmx.net.
2
Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, University of Leipzig - Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany.
3
Medical Clinic II, University of Lübeck, Germany.

Abstract

Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation has been the most widely used left ventricular assist device for nearly five decades. Due to diastolic inflation and systolic deflation, coronary blood flow is increased and afterload decreased translating into augmentation of oxygen supply and lowering of oxygen demand. However, IABP may be associated with serious complications, including major bleeding, stroke, local and systemic infections and vascular complications. These might counterbalance the potential beneficial hemodynamic effects. In clinical routine, IABP is mainly used in high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction, especially when complicated by cardiogenic shock. Further, prophylactic IABP use is frequently performed in patients at high risk for hemodynamic instability undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Current evidence, however, does not fully support routine use of IABP in these settings. This review focuses on the basic principles of IABP and discusses current evidence.

KEYWORDS:

Basic principles; Clinical evidence; Intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation

PMID:
24380840
DOI:
10.1016/j.vph.2013.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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