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Pediatrics. 2014 Jan;133(1):171-4. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3442. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Respiratory support in preterm infants at birth.

Abstract

Current practice guidelines recommend administration of surfactant at or soon after birth in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. However, recent multicenter randomized controlled trials indicate that early use of continuous positive airway pressure with subsequent selective surfactant administration in extremely preterm infants results in lower rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia/death when compared with treatment with prophylactic or early surfactant therapy. Continuous positive airway pressure started at or soon after birth with subsequent selective surfactant administration may be considered as an alternative to routine intubation with prophylactic or early surfactant administration in preterm infants.

KEYWORDS:

bronchopulmonary dysplasia; continuous positive airway pressure; neonate; preterm infant; respiratory distress syndrome; surfactant

PMID:
24379228
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2013-3442
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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