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J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2013;5(4):229-35. doi: 10.4274/Jcrpe.1044.

Psychiatric approaches for disorders of sex development: experience of a multidisciplinary team.

Author information

1
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, İzmir, Turkey. E-mail: drbbeker@yahoo.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Disorders of sex development (DSD) are a group of congenital medical conditions that affect life as a whole. In this study, we aimed to reflect the experience of a multidisciplinary team in the clinical/psychiatric follow-up of a group of children and adolescents with DSD.

METHODS:

The study group consisted of 51 patients diagnosed with DSD. The Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Draw a Person Test and Children's Apperception Test, and the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGIS) were used for psychiatric evaluations.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the patients was 7.8 years (median: 7.8; min: 1.0; max: 18.0). Genetic evaluation showed 46,XX configuration in 15 patients (29.4%) and 46,XY in 35 (68.6%). One patient (2.0%) was diagnosed to have a sex chromosome disorder. Forty patients (78.4%) had no problems with their given gender identity and gender role. Thirty-four (66.7%) patients had normal intellectual capacity. Twenty-eight (54.9%) patients did not have any psychiatric problem. Depression, anxiety disorders, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and adjustment disorders were the common diagnoses. The mean score of symptom severity on CGIS-severity-baseline was 6.15±0.68 and after one year, it was 1.46±0.51 (Z=-3.236 p=0.001). The mean score of CGI-Improvement was 1.23±0.44.

CONCLUSION:

It is important to identify and treat the psychiatric disorders encountered in patients with DSD. A psychiatrist needs to be included in the professional team following these patients. Examination and observation results need to be shared by holding periodic team meetings to establish a wholesome point of view for every unique child.

PMID:
24379031
PMCID:
PMC3890221
DOI:
10.4274/Jcrpe.1044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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