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Int J Mol Med. 2014 Mar;33(3):534-42. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2013.1606. Epub 2013 Dec 27.

PDGF-induced PI3K-mediated signaling enhances the TGF-β-induced osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells in a TGF-β-activated MEK-dependent manner.

Author information

1
Division of Cellular Biosignal Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Iwate Medical University, Yahaba, Iwate 028‑3694, Japan.
2
Division of Periodontology, Department of Conservative Dentistry, Iwate Medical University School of Dentistry, Morioka, Iwate 020-8505, Japan.
3
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima 770-8504, Japan.
4
Department of Prosthodontics and Oral Implantology, Iwate Medical University School of Dentistry, Morioka, Iwate 020-8505, Japan.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a critical regulator of osteogenic differentiation and the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a chemoattractant or mitogen of osteogenic mesenchymal cells. However, the combined effects of these regulators on the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal cells remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of TGF-β and/or PDGF on the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). The TGF-β-induced osteogenic differentiation of UE7T-13 cells, a bone marrow-derived hMSC line, was markedly enhanced by PDGF, although PDGF alone did not induce differentiation. TGF-β induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation and PDGF induced Akt phosphorylation. In addition, the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor, U0126, suppressed the osteogenic differentiation induced by TGF-β alone. Moreover, U0126 completely suppressed the osteogenic differentiation synergistically induced by TGF-β and PDGF, whereas the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, LY294002, only partially suppressed this effect. These results suggest that the enhancement of TGF-β-induced osteogenic differentiation by PDGF-induced PI3K/Akt-mediated signaling depends on TGF-β-induced MEK activity. Thus, PDGF positively modulates the TGF-β-induced osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs through synergistic crosstalk between MEK- and PI3K/Akt-mediated signaling.

PMID:
24378341
PMCID:
PMC3926498
DOI:
10.3892/ijmm.2013.1606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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