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Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Jan;20(1):13-20. doi: 10.3201/.eid2001.130428.

Genomic epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae O1 associated with floods, Pakistan, 2010.

Abstract

In August 2010, Pakistan experienced major floods and a subsequent cholera epidemic. To clarify the population dynamics and transmission of Vibrio cholerae in Pakistan, we sequenced the genomes of all V. cholerae O1 El Tor isolates and compared the sequences to a global collection of 146 V. cholerae strains. Within the global phylogeny, all isolates from Pakistan formed 2 new subclades (PSC-1 and PSC-2), lying in the third transmission wave of the seventh-pandemic lineage that could be distinguished by signature deletions and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. Geographically, PSC-1 isolates originated from the coast, whereas PSC-2 isolates originated from inland areas flooded by the Indus River. Single-nucleotide polymorphism accumulation analysis correlated river flow direction with the spread of PSC-2. We found at least 2 sources of cholera in Pakistan during the 2010 epidemic and illustrate the value of a global genomic data bank in contextualizing cholera outbreaks.

KEYWORDS:

Pakistan; Vibrio cholerae O1; bacteria; cholera; floods; global phylogeny; single-nucleotide polymorphism; whole-genome sequencing

PMID:
24378019
PMCID:
PMC3884714
DOI:
10.3201/.eid2001.130428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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