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J Med Case Rep. 2013 Dec 30;7:288. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-7-288.

Fungal scleritis masquerading as surgically induced necrotizing scleritis: a case report.

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1
Cornea and Anterior Segment Service L V Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Orissa 751 024, India. srikantsahu@lvpei.org.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The object of this case is to report the clinical findings, microbiological findings and management of a case of fungal scleritis following cataract surgery, which mimicked surgically induced necrotizing scleritis.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 72-year-old Asian (Indian) man presented with scleritis following cataract surgery at another facility. He had been treated elsewhere for suspected scleritis, primarily with steroids followed by empiric antibiotic and antifungal agents. At our institute he underwent a complete microbiological workup and a scleral patch graft. The scleral scraping revealed fungal filaments. He was treated postoperatively with topical and systemic antifungal agent along with topical cyclosporine. The follow-up examination at 5 months revealed that the scleral patch graft was successful in maintaining the integrity of his globe and restoring partial vision.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fungal scleritis may mimic surgically induced necrotizing scleritis. Early diagnosis and prompt management can prevent progression of the disease and further devastating complications.

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