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PLoS One. 2013 Dec 20;8(12):e83257. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083257. eCollection 2013.

Characterization of SLCO5A1/OATP5A1, a solute carrier transport protein with non-classical function.

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Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical Faculty of the RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical Faculty of the RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Interdisciplinary Center for Clinical Research (IZKF), Medical Faculty of the RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.


Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP/SLCO) have been identified to mediate the uptake of a broad range of mainly amphipathic molecules. Human OATP5A1 was found to be expressed in the epithelium of many cancerous and non-cancerous tissues throughout the body but protein characterization and functional analysis have not yet been performed. This study focused on the biochemical characterization of OATP5A1 using Xenopus laevis oocytes and Flp-In T-REx-HeLa cells providing evidence regarding a possible OATP5A1 function. SLCO5A1 is highly expressed in mature dendritic cells compared to immature dendritic cells (∼6.5-fold) and SLCO5A1 expression correlates with the differentiation status of primary blood cells. A core- and complex- N-glycosylated polypeptide monomer of ∼105 kDa and ∼130 kDa could be localized in intracellular membranes and on the plasma membrane, respectively. Inducible expression of SLCO5A1 in HeLa cells led to an inhibitory effect of ∼20% after 96 h on cell proliferation. Gene expression profiling with these cells identified immunologically relevant genes (e.g. CCL20) and genes implicated in developmental processes (e.g. TGM2). A single nucleotide polymorphism leading to the exchange of amino acid 33 (L→F) revealed no differences regarding protein expression and function. In conclusion, we provide evidence that OATP5A1 might be a non-classical OATP family member which is involved in biological processes that require the reorganization of the cell shape, such as differentiation and migration.

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