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Prostate. 2013 Dec 23. doi: 10.1002/pros.22769. [Epub ahead of print]

Pomegranate extract inhibits the bone metastatic growth of human prostate cancer cells and enhances the in vivo efficacy of docetaxel chemotherapy.

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Department of Urology and Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.



Docetaxel treatment is the only first-line chemotherapy with a survival benefit in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (PCa). Nonetheless, most patients become docetaxel resistant and inevitably progress with no cure. In this study, we investigated the potential of pomegranate extract (PE) in targeting metastatic castration-resistant PCa and improving docetaxel chemotherapy.


The in vitro and in vivo effect of POMx, a PE formula currently approved for clinical trials, in metastatic castration-resistant PCa cells was evaluated in experimental models.


We demonstrated that POMx exhibited potent in vitro cytotoxicity in metastatic castration-resistant PCa cells. Mechanistic studies identified survivin as a novel molecular target that may mediate the anti-cancer activity of POMx, presumably through the inhibition of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3. The in vivo administration of POMx treatment effectively inhibited survivin, induced apoptosis, retarded C4-2 tumor growth in skeleton and significantly enhanced the efficacy of docetaxel in athymic nude mice.


These results provide the first preclinical evidence that POMx may be effective in treating metastatic castration-resistant PCa and enhancing the efficacy of docetaxel chemotherapy. Prostate © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


animal model; bone metastasis; docetaxel; pomegranate extract; prostate cancer


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