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J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Jun;54(6):665-74. doi: 10.1002/jcph.257. Epub 2014 Jan 22.

Loxapine delivered as a thermally generated aerosol does not prolong QTc in a thorough QT/QTc study in healthy subjects.

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1
Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to establish effects of inhaled loxapine on the QTc interval in this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover study. Forty-eight healthy volunteers received a single inhaled placebo or 10 mg loxapine. Plasma concentrations of loxapine increased with a median Tmax of 1 minute and a mean Cmax of 312 ng/mL. After an initial rapid distribution phase, plasma concentrations of loxapine declined with a terminal half-life of 8 hours. Exposure to the active metabolite 7-OH-loxapine was 15% of the parent compound based on mean AUCinf and its terminal half-life was 12 hours. Inhaled loxapine did not increase QT intervals, as demonstrated by the upper bound of the 1-sided 95% CIs placed on the point estimate of the placebo-subtracted change of QTcI (ΔΔQTcI) being less than 10 milliseconds at all 11 post-dose times. The maximum ΔΔQTcI occurred at 1 hour post-dose (LSmean 5.42 milliseconds, upper confidence bound 7.75 milliseconds). The study outcome was validated by the demonstrated assay sensitivity using the positive control moxifloxacin maximum ΔΔQTcI occurred at 3 hour post-dose (LSmean 8.36 milliseconds, lower confidence bound 5.82 milliseconds). The analyses of QTc outliers, and the lack of emergent diagnostic findings for QTcI, QTcB, and QTcF; and simple mean placebo-subtracted changes of QTcI and QTcF supported the primary QT analysis conclusion that this is a negative finding and there is no apparent QT prolongation associated with the therapeutic dose of inhaled loxapine.

KEYWORDS:

inhalation delivery; loxapine; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; thorough QT/QTc

PMID:
24375070
DOI:
10.1002/jcph.257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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