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J Cardiol. 2014 Apr;63(4):302-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.09.008. Epub 2013 Dec 25.

Safety and efficacy of adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with severe systolic heart failure.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan. Electronic address: goritakama@db3.so-net.ne.jp.
  • 2Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

It is unclear whether adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) is safe and effective in patients with severe systolic heart failure (HF). Our aim in this study was to estimate the safety and efficacy of ASV therapy for patients with severe systolic HF.

METHODS AND SUBJECTS:

Seventy-six HF patients (age: 69±12 years; 53 men), categorized as New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-IV, with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of <50%, received ASV therapy after optimal medical therapy to determine the safety and efficacy of ASV. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on their LVEF: group L (LVEF<30%; n=42) and group H (LVEF≥30%; n=34). After 6 months of ASV therapy, we compared the changes in LVEF, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and incidence of fatal cardiovascular events between the groups.

RESULTS:

The groups differed significantly with respect to beta-blocker treatment before ASV therapy (p<0.0001). After 6 months of ASV therapy, LVEF and BNP levels had improved in both groups. In group L, LVEF had improved from 24.1±5.6% to 35.2±10.6% (p<0.0001) and BNP from 591 (273-993)pg/ml to 142 (39-325)pg/ml (p=0.002). Moreover, 1-year follow-up data showed a tendency toward improvement of NYHA classification in group L (group L: 50%; group H: 29%; p=0.07), and showed no significant difference with regard to fatal cardiovascular events between the 2 groups (group L: 11.9%; group H: 5.9%; p=0.36).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study demonstrated that ASV therapy is safe and effective for use in very severe systolic HF patients as well as in relatively mild systolic HF patients.

KEYWORDS:

Adaptive servo-ventilation; Heart failure; Sleep-disordered breathing

PMID:
24373869
DOI:
10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.09.008
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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