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Trends Plant Sci. 2014 Apr;19(4):240-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2013.11.007. Epub 2013 Dec 24.

Wheels within wheels: the plant circadian system.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
2
Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: slharmer@ucdavis.edu.

Abstract

Circadian clocks integrate environmental signals with internal cues to coordinate diverse physiological outputs so that they occur at the most appropriate season or time of day. Recent studies using systems approaches, primarily in Arabidopsis, have expanded our understanding of the molecular regulation of the central circadian oscillator and its connections to input and output pathways. Similar approaches have also begun to reveal the importance of the clock for key agricultural traits in crop species. In this review, we discuss recent developments in the field, including a new understanding of the molecular architecture underlying the plant clock; mechanistic links between clock components and input and output pathways; and our growing understanding of the importance of clock genes for agronomically important traits.

KEYWORDS:

Arabidopsis; agricultural traits; circadian clock; input; output; systems biology

PMID:
24373845
PMCID:
PMC3976767
DOI:
10.1016/j.tplants.2013.11.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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