Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Sci Med Sport. 2014 Nov;17(6):580-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.006. Epub 2013 Nov 28.

Outcomes, utility, and feasibility of single task and dual task intervention programs: preliminary implications for post-concussion rehabilitation.

Author information

1
Matthew Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.
2
Matthew Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States; Clinical Research Unit, Emergency Services Institute, WakeMed Health and Hospitals, Raleigh, NC, United States. Electronic address: jmihalik@wakemed.org.
3
Department of Kinesiology, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.
4
Matthew Gfeller Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States; Curriculum in Human Movement Science, Department of Allied Health Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.
5
Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine neurocognitive and balance performance in recreational athletes, prior to and following a dual-task training intervention compared to single-task controls in order to assess the utility and feasibility of these interventions in the clinical setting.

DESIGN:

Controlled laboratory study.

METHODS:

Thirty healthy, physically active recreational athletes (dual-task group = 15; single-task group = 15; age: 20.3 ± 1.9 years) completed neurocognitive and balance assessments before and after a four-week intervention. Sensory Organization Test composite score and ratio scores, Balance Error Scoring System total score, and nine CNS Vital Signs composite scores served as outcome measures. Mixed model analyses of variance were used to examine each measure.

RESULTS:

The single-task group showed greater improvement for complex attention (F1,26 = 5.48, p = .027) following the training period. Both groups improved their performance on the complex attention domain (F1,26 = 6.73, p = .015), the Balance Error Scoring System score (F1,26 = 42.34, p < .001), and the Sensory Organization Test vestibular ratio score (F1,28 = 6.55, p = .016) following the intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest combining cognitive and balance tasks as performed does not provide additional benefit to performing these tasks independently among healthy individuals, but appear to be feasible in this setting. Future research should examine integration of single-task and dual-task exercises for concussed patients.

KEYWORDS:

Brain injury; Paradigm; Postconcussion syndrome; Recovery

PMID:
24373772
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center