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J Ultrasound Med. 2014 Jan;33(1):135-40. doi: 10.7863/ultra.33.1.135.

First-trimester sonographic prediction of obstetric and neonatal outcomes in monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Pavilion for Women-Texas Children's Fetal Center, 6651 Main St, Suite F1020, Houston, TX 77030 USA. alirezashamshirsaz@yahoo.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether discordant nuchal translucency and crown-rump length measurements in monochorionic diamniotic twins are predictive of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes.

METHODS:

We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study including all monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies with two live fetuses at the 11-week to 13-week 6-day sonographic examination who had serial follow-up sonography until delivery. Isolated nuchal translucency, crown-rump length, and combined discordances were correlated with adverse obstetric outcomes, individually and in composite, including the occurrence of 1 or more of the following in either fetus: intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), growth discordance (≥ 20%), and preterm birth before 28 weeks' gestation. Correlations with adverse composite neonatal outcomes were also studied. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and a logistic regression analysis with a generalized estimating equation were conducted.

RESULTS:

Fifty-four of the 177 pregnancies included (31%) had an adverse composite obstetric outcome, with TTTS in 19 (11%), IUGR in 21 (12%), discordant growth in 14 (8%), IUFD in 14 (8%), and preterm birth before 28 weeks in 10 (6%). Of the 254 neonates included in the study, 69 (27%) were complicated by adverse composite neonatal outcomes, with respiratory distress syndrome being the most common (n = 59 [23%]). The areas under the curve for the combined discordances to predict composite obstetric and neonatal outcomes were 0.62 (95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.72), and 0.54 (95% confidence interval, 0.46-0.61), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our population, nuchal translucency, crown-rump length, and combined discordances in monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies were not predictive of adverse composite obstetric and neonatal outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

crown-rump length; monochorionic twins; nuchal translucency; obstetric ultrasound; twin-twin transfusion syndrome

PMID:
24371108
DOI:
10.7863/ultra.33.1.135
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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