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Mol Biol Rep. 2014 Feb;41(2):721-31. doi: 10.1007/s11033-013-2911-x. Epub 2013 Dec 25.

Mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) for body weight, length and condition factor traits in backcross (BC1) family of Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).

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1
School of Chemical Engineering and Environment, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, China.

Abstract

Body weight and length are economical important traits in aquaculture species influenced by quantitative trait loci (QTL) and environmental factors. In this study, a backcross (BC1) common carp family, with 86 progeny, was utilized to construct genetic map for preliminary QTL mapping. The genetic map was constructed with 366 markers, including 191 SNP from gene, coverage 50 linkage groups with an average marker distance of 18.5 cM. A total of fourteen QTLs associated with body weight (BW), body length (BL) and condition factor (K) were detected on ten linkage groups (LGs). Among these QTLs detected, three (qBW8, qBL8 and qK8) were associated with BW, BL and K respectively, were mapped on LG8. qBW8 and qK8 were identified on similar interval neared locus HLJ2394 explained 14.9 and 20.9 % of the phenotype variance, while qBL8 was identified on separate nearby locus HLJ571 with 30.8 % of phenotype variance. Two QTLs, qBW13 and qK13, related with BW and K separately, were found on LG13 at different locus with phenotype variance of 25.3 and 20.9 %. Other two QTLs, qBW19 and qBL19, associated to BW and BL were mapped on same region near SNP0626 on LG19, and explained 10.3 and 15.6 % of phenotype variance. While other seven QTLs related with BW and BL were located on different LGs. Confidential interval was ranged from 1.1 to 10 cM in the present study. These markers, with lower QTL interval, have great influence on the body weight and length. Therefore, these QTLs will be helpful to find out the genes related with specific trait.

PMID:
24368591
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-013-2911-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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