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Toxins (Basel). 2013 Dec 24;6(1):66-80. doi: 10.3390/toxins6010066.

Chronic illness associated with mold and mycotoxins: is naso-sinus fungal biofilm the culprit?

Author information

1
Plaza Infectious Disease and St. Luke's Hospital, 4320 Wornall Road, Suite 440, Kansas City, MO 64111, USA. jbrewer@plazamedicine.com.

Abstract

It has recently been demonstrated that patients who develop chronic illness after prior exposure to water damaged buildings (WDB) and mold have the presence of mycotoxins, which can be detected in the urine. We hypothesized that the mold may be harbored internally and continue to release and/or produce mycotoxins which contribute to ongoing chronic illness. The sinuses are the most likely candidate as a site for the internal mold and mycotoxin production. In this paper, we review the literature supporting this concept.

PMID:
24368325
PMCID:
PMC3920250
DOI:
10.3390/toxins6010066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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