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Brain Res Bull. 1987 Feb;18(2):191-203.

Phaseolus vulgaris leuco-agglutinin tracing of intrahypothalamic connections of the lateral, ventromedial, dorsomedial and paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei in the rat.


Intrahypothalamic connections of the lateral (LHA), ventromedial (VMH), dorsomedial (DMH) and paraventricular (PVN) hypothalamic nuclei were studied with anterograde transport of iontophoretically injected Phaseolus vulgaris leuco-agglutinin and the immunocytochemical detection of labeled structures. The LHA was found to give rise to a minor projection in the VMH, whereas the VMH in reverse maintains few connections with the ventromedial part of the tuberal LHA. Tracer deposits in both the LHA and VMH resulted in anterograde terminal labeling in the DMH. The DMH, in turn, donates a small number of projections to the LHA and VMH. The main projection of the DMH is aimed at the parvocellular paraventricular nucleus. Direct outflow pathways from the VMH to the PVN were not found, but lectin injections in the LHA on the other hand gave rise to terminal labeling in both the parvocellular and magnocellular divisions of the PVN. The PVN in turn was found to give only minor reciprocal projections to the LHA, DMH and VMH. These findings indicate that the main stream of connections in the hypothalamus runs from the LHA and VMH to the DMH, and from the DMH to the PVN. The identified circuitry patterns were discussed with respect to the role of the hypothalamus in the control of homeostasis and metabolic regulation, and more specifically in relation to the modulation of the hormone release from the pancreas and adrenal glands.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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