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Bioresour Technol. 2014 Feb;153:189-97. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.11.075. Epub 2013 Dec 6.

Production and characterization of biodiesel from carbon dioxide concentrating chemolithotrophic bacteria, Serratia sp. ISTD04.

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School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India.
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India. Electronic address:


A chemolithotrophic bacterium, Serratia sp. ISTD04, enriched in the chemostat in presence of sodium bicarbonate as sole carbon source was evaluated for potential of carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration and biofuel production. CO2 sequestration efficiency of the bacterium was determined by enzymatic activity of carbonic anhydrase and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO). Further, Western blot analysis confirmed presence of RuBisCO. The bacterium produced 0.487 and 0.647mgmg(-1) per unit cell dry weight of hydrocarbons and lipids respectively. The hydrocarbons were within the range of C13-C24 making it equivalent to light oil. GC-MS analysis of lipids produced by the bacterium indicated presence of C15-C20 organic compounds that made it potential source of biodiesel after transesterification. GC-MS, FTIR and NMR spectroscopic characterization of the fatty acid methyl esters revealed the presence of 55% and 45% of unsaturated and saturated organic compounds respectively, thus making it a balanced biodiesel composition.


Biodiesel; Carbon dioxide sequestration; Carbonic anhydrase; Chemolithotrophic bacterium; RuBisCO

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