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Mol Biol Rep. 2014 Feb;41(2):741-9. doi: 10.1007/s11033-013-2913-8. Epub 2013 Dec 21.

Bioceramic-collagen scaffolds loaded with human adipose-tissue derived stem cells for bone tissue engineering.

Author information

1
Departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

The combination of bioceramics and stem cells has attracted the interest of research community for bone tissue engineering applications. In the present study, a combination of Bio-Oss(®) and type 1 collagen gel as scaffold were loaded with human adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) after isolation and characterization, and the capacity of them for bone regeneration was investigated in rat critical size defects using digital mammography, multi-slice spiral computed tomography imaging and histological analysis. 8 weeks after implantation, no mortality or sign of inflammation was observed in the site of defect. According to the results of imaging analysis, a higher level of bone regeneration was observed in the rats receiving Bio-Oss(®)-Gel compared to untreated group. In addition, MSC-seeded Bio-Oss-Gel induced the highest bone reconstruction among all groups. Histological staining confirmed these findings and impressive osseointegration was observed in MSC-seeded Bio-Oss-Gel compared with Bio-Oss-Gel. On the whole, it was demonstrated that combination of AT-MSCs, Bio-Oss and Gel synergistically enhanced bone regeneration and reconstruction and also could serve as an appropriate structure to bone regenerative medicine and tissue engineering application.

PMID:
24363224
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-013-2913-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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