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J Urol. 2014 Jun;191(6):1802-7. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.12.031. Epub 2013 Dec 19.

Urological symptoms in a subset of patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome and a polysymptomatic, polysyndromic pattern of presentation.

Author information

1
Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri. Electronic address: laih@wustl.edu.
2
Departments of Psychiatry and Surgery/Division of Emergency Medicine, North Texas Veterans Affairs Health Care System and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
3
Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
5
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We characterized urological symptoms in a subset of patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome who have a high somatic symptom burden and a wide symptom distribution fitting a polysymptomatic, polysyndromic presentation pattern.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 81 patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases MAPP Research Network Study at Washington University in St. Louis and University of Alabama at Birmingham sites. They completed a symptom questionnaire to assess the somatic symptom burden and its distribution, and GUPI (Genitourinary Pain Index) to assess urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome symptoms, impact on quality of life and self-reported treatment seeking behaviors for urological chronic pelvic pain symptoms. The polysymptomatic, polysyndromic symptom pattern was defined by self-report of numerous painful and nonpainful somatic symptoms across many organ systems and by symptom categories on the polysymptomatic, polysyndromic questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome and the symptom pattern reported more severe genitourinary pain on a Likert scale, more frequent pain in the last week and more widespread pain distribution in the genital and pelvic areas than patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome without the pattern. Patients with the symptom pattern also had significantly higher scores on the GUPI pain subscale, quality of life subscale (worse) and total questionnaire scores than patients without the pattern. Patients with the pattern reported significantly more treatment seeking behavior than others.

CONCLUSIONS:

The polysymptomatic, polysyndromic pattern might be an important phenotypic factor to assess in the evaluation of urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome with clinical and research implications. This may be a distinct clinical subgroup among patients with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

chronic pain; cystitis; interstitial; prostatitis; somatosensory disorders; urinary bladder

PMID:
24361369
PMCID:
PMC4411959
DOI:
10.1016/j.juro.2013.12.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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