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Cell. 2013 Dec 19;155(7):1556-67. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.10.057.

miR-9a minimizes the phenotypic impact of genomic diversity by buffering a transcription factor.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
2
Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, Departments of Human Genetics and Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
3
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Program in Developmental Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
4
Department of Statistics, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
5
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Program in Developmental Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
6
Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA. Electronic address: r-carthew@northwestern.edu.

Erratum in

  • Cell. 2014 Apr 24;157(3):753.

Abstract

Gene expression has to withstand stochastic, environmental, and genomic perturbations. For example, in the latter case, 0.5%-1% of the human genome is typically variable between any two unrelated individuals. Such diversity might create problematic variability in the activity of gene regulatory networks and, ultimately, in cell behaviors. Using multigenerational selection experiments, we find that for the Drosophila proneural network, the effect of genomic diversity is dampened by miR-9a-mediated regulation of senseless expression. Reducing miR-9a regulation of the Senseless transcription factor frees the genomic landscape to exert greater phenotypic influence. Whole-genome sequencing identified genomic loci that potentially exert such effects. A larger set of sequence variants, including variants within proneural network genes, exhibits these characteristics when miR-9a concentration is reduced. These findings reveal that microRNA-target interactions may be a key mechanism by which the impact of genomic diversity on cell behavior is dampened.

PMID:
24360277
PMCID:
PMC3891883
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2013.10.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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