Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Methods Enzymol. 2014;534:47-63. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-397926-1.00003-2.

Visualizing of signaling proteins on endosomes utilizing knockdown and reconstitution approach.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
2
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA. Electronic address: emilia.galperin@uky.edu.

Abstract

Spatial distribution of intracellular signaling molecules and assembly of signaling complexes are yet to be fully understood. Studies of signaling events in time or space present a particular challenge due to the adverse effects that overexpression of signaling proteins may have on their functions and localization. To follow the distribution of signaling proteins in living cells we developed a methodology named knockdown and reconstitution (KDAR) that allows one to visualize proteins at levels of expression that are close to physiological. This methodology provides a stable expression of "endogenous" shRNA for long-term silencing of the targeted gene and simultaneous expression of a DNA cassette coding for a fluorescently labeled protein, which is insensitive to the targeting shRNA. In this chapter we discuss the needed reagents and outline two experimental approaches to generate KDAR stable cell lines. First, we demonstrate how the plasmid-mediated KDAR approach is successfully utilized to visualize spatial distribution of the GFP-labeled MEK2 in living cells. We then show how the lentivirus-mediated KDAR approach is used to reconstitute and visualize expression of the ERK1/2 scaffold protein Shoc2.

KEYWORDS:

ERK1/2; Endocytosis; Fluorescence microscopy; MEK1/2; siRNA

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center