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Am J Health Promot. 2014 Nov-Dec;29(2):e64-72. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.130327-QUAN-130. Epub 2013 Dec 20.

Eat, sleep, work, play: associations of weight status and health-related behaviors among young adult college students.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine relationships of sleep, eating, and exercise behaviors; work time pressures; and sociodemographic characteristics by weight status (healthy weight [body mass index or BMI < 25] vs. overweight [BMI ≥ 25]) of young adults.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Nine U.S. universities.

SUBJECTS:

Enrolled college students (N = 1252; 18-24 years; 80% white; 59% female).

MEASURES:

Survey included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), Satter Eating Competence Inventory (ecSI), National Cancer Institute Fruit/Vegetable Screener, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Work Time Pressure items, and sociodemographic characteristics.

ANALYSIS:

Chi-square and t-tests determined significant bivariate associations of sociodemographics, sleep behaviors, eating behaviors, physical activity behavior, and work time pressures with weight status (i.e., healthy vs. overweight/obese). Statistically significant bivariate associations with weight status were then entered into a multivariate logistic regression model that estimated associations with being overweight/obese.

RESULTS:

Sex (female), race (nonwhite), older age, higher Global PSQI score, lower ecSI total score, and higher TFEQ Emotional Eating Scale score were significantly (p < .05) associated with overweight/obesity in bivariate analyses. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that sex (female; odds ratio [OR] = 2.05, confidence interval [CI] = 1.54-2.74), older age (OR = 1.35, CI = 1.21-1.50), higher Global PSQI score (OR = 1.07, CI = 1.01-1.13), and lower ecSI score (OR = .96, CI = .94-.98), were significantly (p < .05) associated with overweight/obesity.

CONCLUSION:

Findings suggest that obesity prevention interventions for college students should include an education component to emphasize the importance of overall sleep quality and improving eating competence.

KEYWORDS:

Behaviors; Eating; Health focus: weight control; Manuscript format: research; Outcome measure: behavioral; Prevention Research; Research purpose: modeling/relationship testing; Setting: school; Sleep; Strategy: skill building/behavior change; Study design: nonexperimental; Target population age: adults; Target population circumstances: education/income level, race/ethnicity; Weight; Young Adults, Health

PMID:
24359179
DOI:
10.4278/ajhp.130327-QUAN-130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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