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Ann Oncol. 2014 Jan;25(1):251-7. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdt527.

Quality-of-life outcomes from a randomized phase III trial of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin compared with conventional paclitaxel and carboplatin as a first-line treatment for stage II-IV ovarian cancer: Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group Trial (JGOG3016).

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Kawasaki.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dose-dense weekly paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin (dd-TC) improved survival compared with conventional tri-weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin (c-TC) as a first-line chemotherapy for newly diagnosed stage II-IV ovarian cancer in the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group 3016 trial. We report the quality-of-life (QoL) results from this trial.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A total of 637 patients were randomly assigned to receive c-TC or dd-TC (c-TC, n = 319; dd-TC, n = 312) and were asked to complete a QoL assessment at baseline, just after the third and sixth chemotherapy cycles, and at 12 months after randomization. QoL was assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT)-general (FACT-G), FACT-taxane subscale (FACT-T), and FACT-ovary subscale (FACT-Ov). The overall QoL and that according to each subscale were analyzed using mixed-effects models adjusted for treatment and time.

RESULTS:

Baseline QoL assessment was completed by 204 out of 319 (63.9%) and 200 out of 312 (64.1%) patients in the c-TC and dd-TC groups, respectively. In these groups, the compliance rates with regard to QoL assessment were 74.5% and 73.0%, respectively, after three chemotherapy cycles; 86.8% and 86.9%, respectively, after six chemotherapy cycles; and 74.2% and 71.6%, respectively, at 12 months after randomization. The overall QoL did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups up to 12 months after randomization (P = 0.46). However, QoL according to the FACT-T subscale was significantly lower in the dd-TC group than in the c-TC group (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

dd-TC does not decrease overall QoL compared with c-TC.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00226915.

KEYWORDS:

carboplatin; neurotoxicity; ovarian cancer; paclitaxel; quality of life

PMID:
24356636
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdt527
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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