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Kidney Blood Press Res. 2013;37(6):622-30. doi: 10.1159/000355742. Epub 2013 Dec 14.

The effects of a single dialysis session on atrial electromechanical conduction times and functions.

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Department of Nephrology, AIB University Hospital, 14280 Bolu, Turkey.



Abnormalities in atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) times and mechanical functions are considered as independent predictors of atrial fibrillation. However, to date, effects of a single hemodialysis (HD) session and acute volume-preload changes on atrial-EMD functions have not been investigated by Tissue Doppler Echocardiography (TDE). The aim of the present study was to evaluate atrial-EMD times and mechanical functions in HD patients.


Thirty-five non-diabetic, normotensive HD patients and 35 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Standard and TDE performed before mid-week dialysis session for hemodialysis group and on admission for control group.


Interatrial and left-right intraatrial-EMD intervals and left atrial mechanical volumes were significantly longer in hemodialysis group compared to controls (all p<0.01) and were reduced after HD session. Furthermore, removed ultrafiltration volume was associated with reduction in atrial-EMD intervals and functional volumes. LA-passive emptying volume, ultrafiltration volume, LV-E/E' ratio, and Vp were independent predictors of interatrial-EMD.


The present study confirms negative effects in HD patients of structural remodeling and reveals negative effects of electrical remodeling. Prolonged inter and intraatrial-EMD intervals should be the underlying pathophysiological factors of increased rate of atrial fibrillation in the HD population.

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