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Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2013 Oct-Dec;26(4):855-9.

Impact of mast cells on the skin.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece.
2
Department of Dermatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
3
Dental School, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
4
Orthopedic Division, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
5
Immunology Division, Medical School, University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
6
Orthopedic Division, University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
7
Department of Neurosciences and Imaging, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, G. d’Annunzio University Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
8
Department of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Uni-versity of Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece.
9
Gynecology Clinic, Pescara Hospital, Pescara, Italy.
10
Nicola’s Foundation, Onlus, Arezzo, Italy.
11
Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
12
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Biochemistry and Internal Medicine Tufts University School of Medicine, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

When through the skin a foreign antigen enters it provokes an immune response and inflammatory reaction. Mast cells are located around small vessels that are involved in vasaldilation. They mature under the influence of local tissue to various cytokines. Human skin mast cells play an essential role in diverse physiological and pathological processes and mediate immediate hypersensitive reaction and allergic diseases. Injection of anti-IgE in the skin or other agents that directly activate mast cells may cause the decrease in vascular tone, leakage of plasma and may lead to a fall in blood pressure with fatal anaphylactic shock. Skin mast cells are also implicated as effector cells in response to multiple parasites such as Leishmania which is primarily characterized by its tissue cutaneous tropism. Activated macrophages by IFNgamma, cytotoxic T cells, activated mast cells and several cytokines are involved in the elimination of the parasites and immunoprotection. IL-33 is one of the latest cytokines involved in IgE-induced anaphylaxis and in the pathogenesis of allergic skin disorders. IL-33 has been shown in epidermis of patients with psoriasis and its skin expression causes atopic dermatitis and it is crucial for the development of this disease. Here we review the impact of mast cells on the skin.

PMID:
24355220
DOI:
10.1177/039463201302600403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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