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Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 Feb;11(2):192-7. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201305-134OC.

STOP-BANG questionnaire performance in a Veterans Affairs unattended sleep study program.

Author information

1
1 Pulmonary Section, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

There are no published data regarding use of the STOP-BANG sleep apnea questionnaire in populations referred to Veterans Affairs (VA) sleep facilities. If a particular STOP-BANG score cutpoint had high positive predictive value in this referral population, it could reduce the need for diagnostic sleep studies.

METHODS:

STOP-BANG questionnaires were prospectively administered to veterans undergoing unattended sleep studies at a single VA facility. We evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC AUC) of STOP-BANG scores for identifying a Respiratory Disturbance Index (RDI) greater than 15/hour. We also recalibrated the STOP-BANG score to our referral population, using logistic regression models.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Of 1,196 consecutive veterans undergoing unattended sleep studies, the mean STOP-BANG score was 5.7 ± 1.4, and 67% had an RDI greater than 15/hour. Sensitivities were excellent at lower STOP-BANG scores, but sharply decreased at scores of 6 and above. Specificity improved in a linear fashion with increasing scores. The ROC AUC was 0.66 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64-0.69) and recalibrated models improved the ROC AUC to 0.74 (95% CI, 0.69-0.78). The highest STOP-BANG score of 8 was present in only 7.9% of the sample and had a positive predictive value of 85% (95% CI, 76-92%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The STOP-BANG questionnaire alone is insufficient to confirm the presence of significant sleep apnea. A maximal score of 8 did not have a high enough positive predictive value to forego confirmatory sleep testing.

PMID:
24354320
DOI:
10.1513/AnnalsATS.201305-134OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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