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Neurol Clin Pract. 2013 Dec;3(6):484-492.

Neurorehabilitation: Five new things.

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1
Stroke Rehabilitation Research (AMB, MO-P, PC), Kessler Foundation, West Orange, NJ; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AMB, MO-P, PC), Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ; and Departments of Neurology and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (NLI), the University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX.

Abstract

Neurologists have a new toolbox of options for neurorehabilitation of disabling brain disorders such as stroke and traumatic brain injury. An emerging intellectual paradigm for neurologic recovery that includes neural regeneration, repair, and dynamic reorganization of functional neural systems, as well as increasing awareness of behavioral principles that may support best return to function and freedom, brought forward treatments based on experience-dependent learning, neurophysiologic stimulation, and a combination of these concepts. In this article, we summarize five rehabilitative approaches to watch: constraint therapy for motor and language recovery, synergy of motor-language rehabilitation, prism adaptation training and other virtual feedback approaches, and noninvasive magnetic and electrical brain stimulation.

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