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Acta Diabetol. 2014;51(3):491-7. doi: 10.1007/s00592-013-0544-0. Epub 2013 Dec 19.

Pancreatitis associated with the use of GLP-1 analogs and DPP-4 inhibitors: a case/non-case study from the French Pharmacovigilance Database.

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Department of Medical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmacovigilance Regional Center, CHRU Montpellier, 371 Avenue du Doyen Gaston Giraud, 34295, Montpellier, France,


In the recent past, concerns have raised regarding the potential risk of acute pancreatitis among type 2 diabetic patients using incretin-based drugs such as glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogs and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between exposure to incretin-based drugs and the occurrence of pancreatitis reported in the French Pharmacovigilance Database. The case/non-case method was performed from serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) involving antihyperglycemic agents (except insulin alone) reported to the French pharmacovigilance system between March 2008 (first marketing of an incretin-based drug in France) and March 2013. Cases were defined as reports of pancreatitis, and all other serious ADRs were considered non-cases. Disproportionality was assessed by calculating reporting odds ratios (ROR) adjusted for age, gender, history of pancreatitis, other antihyperglycemic drugs and other drugs associated with a higher risk of pancreatitis. Among 3,109 serious ADRs, 147 (4.7 %) reports of pancreatitis were identified as cases and 2,962 reports (95.3 %) of other ADRs as non-cases. Among the cases, 122 (83.0 %) involved incretin-based drugs. Disproportionality was found for all incretin-based drugs (adjusted ROR: 15.7 [95 % CI 9.8-24.9]), all GLP-1 analogs (29.4 [16.0-53.8]), exenatide (28.3 [12.8-62.3]), liraglutide (30.4 [15.4-60.0]), all DPP-4 inhibitors (12.1 [7.3-20.0]), sitagliptin (12.4 [7.3-21.0]), saxagliptin (15.1 [4.3-52.7]), and vildagliptin (7.4 [3.1-17.6]). Temporal analysis found disproportionality for incretin-based drugs since their first year of marketing in France. Compared with other antihyperglycemic agents, use of incretin-based drugs is associated with an increased risk of reported pancreatitis in France.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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