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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2013 Oct;43(5):613-25. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2013.43.5.613.

[Effects of a fall prevention program on falls in frail elders living at home in rural communities].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

Department of Nursing, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea.



This study was conducted to determine the effects of a fall prevention program on falls, physical function, psychological function, and home environmental safety in frail elders living at home in rural communities.


The design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pre posttest design. The study was conducted from July to November, 2012 with 30 participants in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. Participants were registered at the public health center of E County. The prevention program on falls consisted of laughter therapy, exercise, foot care and education. The program was provided once a week for 8 weeks and each session lasted 80 minutes.


The risk score for falls and depression in the experimental group decreased significantly compared with scores for the control group. Compliance with prevention behavior related to falls, knowledge score on falls, safety scores of home environment, physical balance, muscle strength of lower extremities, and self-efficacy for fall prevention significantly increased in the experimental group compared with the control group.


These results suggest that the prevention program on falls is effective for the prevention of falls in frail elders living at home.


Accident prevention; Accidental falls; Frail elderly

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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