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Obes Res Clin Pract. 2007 Dec;1(4):223-90. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2007.08.001.

Uncoupling protein 1 contributes to fat-reducing effect of leptin.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition, Graduate School of Nursing and Nutrition, Tenshi College, Sapporo 065-0013, Japan.
2
Department of Nutrition, Graduate School of Nursing and Nutrition, Tenshi College, Sapporo 065-0013, Japan. Electronic address:saito@tenshi.ac.jp.

Abstract

SUMMARY:

Leptin is proposed to reduce body fat by increasing energy expenditure, in addition to decreasing food intake, through the activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. To confirm this, we investigated the effects of leptin on whole body energy expenditure, BAT functions and adiposity in wild-type (WT) mice, and compared with those in mice deficient in uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), a key molecule for BAT thermogenesis. Chronic hyperleptinemia induced by adenovirus gene transfer reduced food intake in both WT and UCP1-KO mice. WT mice with hyperleptinemia, compared to pair-fed controls, showed increased oxygen consumption, elevated UCP1 expression in BAT, ectopic UCP1 induction in white adipose tissue (WAT), and reduced body fat content. These effects of chronic hyperleptinemia were not observed in UCP1-KO mice. It was concluded that the fat-reducing effect of leptin is due to not only decreased food intake, but also increased UCP1-dependent energy expenditure.:

PMID:
24351582
DOI:
10.1016/j.orcp.2007.08.001
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