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J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Dec 19;42:56. doi: 10.1186/1916-0216-42-56.

Intraoperative parathyroid hormone level in parathyroidectomy: which patients benefit from it?

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Room E3-37, 687 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC H3A 1A1, Canada. faisalzawawi@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intraoperative parathyroid hormone level (IOPTH) is withdrawn during parathyroidectomy to confirm the success of the procedure. Recently, the importance of IOPTH has been put to question. The purpose of this study is to determine whether IOPTH is necessary for all patients undergoing parathyroidectomy in the presence of frozen section.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A cohort study of parathyroidectomies was performed in three university affiliated hospitals during 2007-2012. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1: Patients with two preoperative concordant imaging localizing a hyperactive gland. Group 2: Patients without two concordant imaging. A comparison of benefit of IOPTH was carried out. Frozen section results were also analyzed to determine sensitivity and predictability of a parathyroid adenoma.

RESULTS:

The study considered 221 patients having parathyroidectomies for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Of them, 10 were excluded due to incomplete data. Among the remaining, 186 had 2 concordant imaging preoperatively localizing an adenoma. 93.5% of whom were found intraoperatively in that location. IOPTH was not found to be of importance in 98.92% of the preoperative localized adenomas in the presence of frozen section. IOPTH added an estimate of 30.9 minutes on average to the surgery time.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates that the added operating time associated with IOPTH may not be justified for patients undergoing parathyroidectomy who have 2 concordant imaging preoperatively in the presence of frozen section. This study suggests a simple algorithm, The McGill Parathyroid Protocol (MPP), to help in approaching PHPT patients undergoing parathyroidectomy.

PMID:
24350891
PMCID:
PMC3878236
DOI:
10.1186/1916-0216-42-56
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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