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Environ Technol. 2013 Jul-Aug;34(13-16):2019-26.

Experimental investigation on performance and exhaust emissions of castor oil biodiesel from a diesel engine.

Author information

1
School of Automotive Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. amin78404@yahoo.com
2
School of Automotive Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Abstract

Biodiesel, produced from plant and animal oils, is an important alternative to fossil fuels because, apart from dwindling supply, the latter are a major source of air pollution. In this investigation, effects of castor oil biodiesel blends have been examined on diesel engine performance and emissions. After producing castor methyl ester by the transesterification method and measuring its characteristics, the experiments were performed on a four cylinder, turbocharged, direct injection, diesel engine. Engine performance (power, torque, brake specific fuel consumption and thermal efficiency) and exhaust emissions were analysed at various engine speeds. All the tests were done under 75% full load. Furthermore, the volumetric blending ratios of biodiesel with conventional diesel fuel were set at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30%. The results indicate that lower blends of biodiesel provide acceptable engine performance and even improve it. Meanwhile, exhaust emissions are much decreased. Finally, a 15% blend of castor oil-biodiesel was picked as the optimized blend of biodiesel-diesel. It was found that lower blends of castor biodiesel are an acceptable fuel alternative for the engine.

PMID:
24350455
DOI:
10.1080/09593330.2013.777080
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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