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PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(12):e1003774. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003774. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Tmprss2 is essential for influenza H1N1 virus pathogenesis in mice.

Author information

Department of Infection Genetics, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Braunschweig, Germany, and University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America.
Infection Biology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany.
Divisons of Human Biology and Clinical Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Erratum in

  • PLoS Pathog. 2014 Sep;10(9):e1004435. Pöhlman, Stefan [corrected to Pöhlmann, Stefan].


Annual influenza epidemics and occasional pandemics pose a severe threat to human health. Host cell factors required for viral spread but not for cellular survival are attractive targets for novel approaches to antiviral intervention. The cleavage activation of the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) by host cell proteases is essential for viral infectivity. However, it is unknown which proteases activate influenza viruses in mammals. Several candidates have been identified in cell culture studies, leading to the concept that influenza viruses can employ multiple enzymes to ensure their cleavage activation in the host. Here, we show that deletion of a single HA-activating protease gene, Tmprss2, in mice inhibits spread of mono-basic H1N1 influenza viruses, including the pandemic 2009 swine influenza virus. Lung pathology was strongly reduced and mutant mice were protected from weight loss, death and impairment of lung function. Also, after infection with mono-basic H3N2 influenza A virus body weight loss and survival was less severe in Tmprss2 mutant compared to wild type mice. As expected, Tmprss2-deficient mice were not protected from viral spread and pathology after infection with multi-basic H7N7 influenza A virus. In conclusion, these results identify TMPRSS2 as a host cell factor essential for viral spread and pathogenesis of mono-basic H1N1 and H3N2 influenza A viruses.

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