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Int J Public Health. 2014 Apr;59(2):231-41. doi: 10.1007/s00038-013-0529-3. Epub 2013 Dec 18.

Gender-specific changes in physical activity pattern in Iran: national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (2007-2011).

Author information

1
Center for Disease Control, Tehran, Iran, J-koohpayezadeh@sina.tums.ac.ir.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study describes the gender-specific pattern of physical activity (PA) in Iran 2011. The 4-year changes in PA levels (domains) are also determined according to the Iran's national surveys conducted on 2007 and 2011.

METHODS:

Physical activity assessed based on the global physical activity questionnaire. In all, 4,121 (2007), and 7,436 (2011) adults were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Based on 2011 survey, 56.4 %, 39.2 %, and 74.4 % of participants were physically inactive at work, commuting and recreation, respectively. In all domains of PA, males showed a higher degree of activity (min/day) than females (P value <0.001). The overall prevalence of physical inactivity was increased from 15 % (2007) to 21.5 % (2011) (P value <0.001). Over the 4 years, a significant decline in total physical activity (MET × min/week) and the duration of commuting activity were noted in both genders. Work-related activity was dramatically decreased in females. However, the time spent in recreational activity remained relatively constant.

CONCLUSIONS:

This report indicating that the Iranian population, particularly females, have become less active during the survey period. Physical inactivity should receive more attention as a public health issue.

PMID:
24346180
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-013-0529-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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