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Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2013 Dec;15(12):1089-92.

[Influence of different antibiotic strategies on outcomes of hospitalized neonates].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. wujl_2000@sina.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the outcomes of hospitalized neonates who were managed with two different antibiotics strategies, namely, the risk factor based antibiotic strategy and the combination antibiotic strategy that is based on risk factors, infection screening and monitoring.

METHODS:

A cohort study was performed on a control group of 4 406 cases of neonates hospitalized between January 2010 and May 2011 and an observed group of 4 476 neonates hospitalized between July 2011 and October 2012. The control group adopted the risk factor based antibiotic strategy and the observed group received a combination antibiotic strategy based on risk factors, infection screening and monitoring. The rate of antibiotic use, average length of stay, readmission rate and mortality rate were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS:

With the change from the risk factor based antibiotic strategy to the combination antibiotic strategy, the total rate of antibiotic use decreased from 79.6% to 50.5% (P<0.01). There were no differences in the average length of stay, readmission rate, and mortality rate between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination antibiotic strategy based on risk factors, infection screening and monitoring can reduce antibiotic use substantially and has no adverse effects on treatment outcomes in hospitalized neonates.

PMID:
24342203
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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