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Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. 2014 Jan;18(1):3-7. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2013.0371. Epub 2013 Dec 17.

Rapid molecular diagnosis of genetic diseases by high resolution melting analysis: fabry and glycogen storage 1A diseases.

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1 Department of Pediatric Metabolic Disorders and Pediatric Genetics, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine , Ankara, Turkey .


For inborn errors of metabolism, high resolution melting analysis (HRMA) is a rapid, efficient, simple, and inexpensive method for mutation/rare variant screening. HRMA is a recent molecular technique for genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms without using probes. Here we apply HRMA to the α-galactosidase a (GLA) and glucose-6-phosphatase-alpha (G6PC) genes for mutation detection of patients with Fabry disease (MIM 301500) and glycogen storage disease type 1A (GSD1A; MIM 232200), respectively. To evaluate the procedure, genomic DNAs were blindly tested for known GLA mutations (c.658C>T, c. 679C>T, c.772G>A, c.796G>A, or c.718-719delAA) in three affected males and two obligate heterozygotes with Fabry disease, a G6PC mutation (c.247C>T) in a patient homozygous for that lesion, and 10 healthy control Turkish individuals. HRMA clearly detected the mutant amplicons and discriminated them from all wild-type GLA or G6PC amplicons. HRMA proved to be a sensitive, specific, and cost-effective mutation screening method for the rapid molecular diagnosis of these inborn errors of metabolism, indicating that the technique can be readily adapted to other genetic diseases.

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