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Arch Dermatol Res. 1986;279(1):37-43.

Immunohistochemical studies of basal cell carcinomas transplanted into nude mice.


Xenografting into nude mice forms a system for analysis of human tissues under experimental conditions. In this study, normal skin samples and basal cell carcinomas were investigated, prior to and after transplantation, using immunofluorescence methods with antibodies against keratins, laminin, and collagen type IV. Three groups of transplants were studied: intact tissue samples, human epithelium (either normal or neoplastic) recombined with normal human dermis and, human epithelium recombined with normal mouse dermis. Transplants recovered after 3 weeks showed the following characteristics. The xenograft system was satisfactory in terms of host survival and rate of successful tissue recovery except for recombinants between human epithelium and mouse dermis. Intact and recombined samples of normal skin retained their preexisting patterns of architecture, cytodifferentiation, and basement membrane staining. Solid nonfibrosing basal cell carcinomas showed altered architecture and differentiation of both the epithelium and the basement membrane zone after transplantation: the solid tumor pattern changed towards spreading of tumor cells, a more squamous differentiation pattern was apparent and was confirmed by reactivity with antibodies against large keratins. Discontinuities of the basement membrane zone were detected with antibodies against laminin and collagen type IV. These changes were seen in both intact and recombined tumor transplants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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