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Lung India. 2013 Oct;30(4):341-3. doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.120615.

Internal mammary artery pseudoaneurysm: A rare fatal complication of tubercular empyema.

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Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.


Vascular complications in the chest due to tuberculosis (TB) involve the pulmonary as well as bronchial vasculature. Mycotic pseudoaneurysms of internal mammary artery (IMA) are a sparsely reported clinical entity in the literature occurring due to TB. We report a rare case of IMA pseudoaneurysm due to the tubercular empyema in a patient with massive hemoptysis who was treated by endovascular coil embolization; however, the patient died due to refractory shock.


Internal mammary artery; pseudoaneurysm; tuberculosis

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