Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Autism Res. 2014 Jun;7(3):305-13. doi: 10.1002/aur.1350. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Gut permeability in autism spectrum disorders.

Author information

1
WellChild Laboratory, Evelina Children's Hospital & King's College London, London.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test whether gut permeability is increased in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) by evaluating gut permeability in a population-derived cohort of children with ASD compared with age- and intelligence quotient-matched controls without ASD but with special educational needs (SEN).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

One hundred thirty-three children aged 10-14 years, 103 with ASD and 30 with SEN, were given an oral test dose of mannitol and lactulose and urine collected for 6 hr. Gut permeability was assessed by measuring the urine lactulose/mannitol (L/M) recovery ratio by electrospray mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry. The ASD group was subcategorized for comparison into those without (n = 83) and with (n = 20) regression.

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference in L/M recovery ratio (mean (95% confidence interval)) between the groups with ASD: 0.015 (0.013-0.018), and SEN: 0.014 (0.009-0.019), nor in lactulose, mannitol, or creatinine recovery. No significant differences were observed in any parameter for the regressed versus non-regressed ASD groups. Results were consistent with previously published normal ranges. Eleven children (9/103 = 8.7% ASD and 2/30 = 6.7% SEN) had L/M recovery ratio > 0.03 (the accepted normal range cut-off), of whom two (one ASD and one SEN) had more definitely pathological L/M recovery ratios > 0.04.

CONCLUSION:

There is no statistically significant group difference in small intestine permeability in a population cohort-derived group of children with ASD compared with a control group with SEN. Of the two children (one ASD and one SEN) with an L/M recovery ratio of > 0.04, one had undiagnosed asymptomatic celiac disease (ASD) and the other (SEN) past extensive surgery for gastroschisis.

KEYWORDS:

autism; autism spectrum disorders; gut permeability; lactulose/mannitol ratio

PMID:
24339339
DOI:
10.1002/aur.1350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center