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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2014 Feb 15;306(4):H547-56. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00846.2013. Epub 2013 Dec 13.

Release kinetics of circulating cardiac myosin binding protein-C following cardiac injury.

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Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, Health Sciences Division, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, Illinois;


Diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) is based on ST-segment elevation on electrocardiographic evaluation and/or elevated plasma cardiac troponin (cTn) levels. However, troponins lack the sensitivity required to detect the onset of MI at its earliest stages. Therefore, to confirm its viability as an ultra-early biomarker of MI, this study investigates the release kinetics of cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) in a porcine model of MI and in two human cohorts. Release kinetics of cMyBP-C were determined in a porcine model of MI (n = 6, pigs, either sex) by measuring plasma cMyBP-C level serially from 30 min to 14 days after coronary occlusion, with use of a custom-made immunoassay. cMyBP-C plasma levels were increased from baseline (76 ± 68 ng/l) at 3 h (767 ± 211 ng/l) and peaked at 6 h (2,418 ± 780 ng/l) after coronary ligation. Plasma cTnI, cTnT, and myosin light chain-3 levels were all increased 6 h after ligation. In a cohort of patients (n = 12) with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy undergoing transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy, cMyBP-C was significantly increased from baseline (49 ± 23 ng/l) in a time-dependent manner, peaking at 4 h (560 ± 273 ng/l). In a cohort of patients with non-ST segment elevation MI (n = 176) from the SYNERGY trial, cMyBP-C serum levels were significantly higher (7,615 ± 4,514 ng/l) than those in a control cohort (416 ± 104 ng/l; n = 153). cMyBP-C is released in the blood rapidly after cardiac damage and therefore has the potential to positively mark the onset of MI.


MYBPC3; acute coronary syndrome; biomarker; cMyBP-C; cardiac troponin I; myocardial infarction

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