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J Immunol. 2014 Jan 15;192(2):603-11. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1301384. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

Effects of aging, cytomegalovirus infection, and EBV infection on human B cell repertoires.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305;

Abstract

Elderly humans show decreased humoral immunity to pathogens and vaccines, yet the effects of aging on B cells are not fully known. Chronic viral infection by CMV is implicated as a driver of clonal T cell proliferations in some aging humans, but whether CMV or EBV infection contributes to alterations in the B cell repertoire with age is unclear. We have used high-throughput DNA sequencing of IGH gene rearrangements to study the BCR repertoires over two successive years in 27 individuals ranging in age from 20 to 89 y. Some features of the B cell repertoire remain stable with age, but elderly subjects show increased numbers of B cells with long CDR3 regions, a trend toward accumulation of more highly mutated IgM and IgG Ig genes, and persistent clonal B cell populations in the blood. Seropositivity for CMV or EBV infection alters B cell repertoires, regardless of the individual's age: EBV infection correlates with the presence of persistent clonal B cell expansions, whereas CMV infection correlates with the proportion of highly mutated Ab genes. These findings isolate effects of aging from those of chronic viral infection on B cell repertoires and provide a baseline for understanding human B cell responses to vaccination or infectious stimuli.

PMID:
24337376
PMCID:
PMC3947124
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1301384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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