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J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2014 Feb;200(2):117-27. doi: 10.1007/s00359-013-0866-y. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Electroencephalographic signals synchronize with behaviors and are sexually dimorphic during the light-dark cycle in reproductive frogs.

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Department of Herpetology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 9 Section 4, Renmin Nan Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.


Male frogs behave differently from females during the breeding season, particularly with respect to courtship displays and in response to mating signals. In search of physiological correlates of these differences, the present study measured changes in baseline electroencephalogram (EEG) power output within four frequency bands in the telencephalon and mesencephalon, together with changes in locomotor activity as a function of the light-dark cycle in male and female Emei music frogs (Babina daunchina) at the reproductive stage. Previous studies have shown that male vocal activity varies both seasonally and daily in this species and that females use male advertisement calls to locate and select mates. The present results show that both EEG and locomotor activity exhibit highly correlated circadian patterns with peaks around light onset and offset. Importantly, during the reproductive stage, statistically significant sex differences in EEG output across brain regions during the light and dark phases were found indicating that sexual dimorphism exists for EEG activity which may underlie sexually specific information processing and behavioral activities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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