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Chirurg. 2014 Apr;85(4):327-33. doi: 10.1007/s00104-013-2642-5.

[Surgical interventions in patients with mast cell activation disease. Aspects relevant for surgery using the example of a cholecystectomy].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie, Haus St. Elisabeth, Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus Bonn, Bonn, Deutschland.



Systemic mast cell activation disease (MCAD) is characterized by an increased and unregulated release of mast cell mediators which can evoke a multifaceted clinical picture often resembling irritable bowel syndrome or fibromyalgia. Because of the considerable prevalence (~ 17 %) of MCAD surgeons are frequently unwittingly confronted with MCAD patients in whom unexpected intraoperative and postoperative complications may occur. Therefore, knowledge of the particular requirements is of relevance for surgical treatment of MCAD patients.


The present paper outlines a concept of surgical treatment of MCAD patients based on the literature which is illustrated by a case report on emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Due to the high prevalence of MCAD in the general population it can be assumed that the frequency in the surgical patient population is similar. If a patient has MCAD, specific characteristics should be taken into account in the surgical procedure to avoid increased operative and complication risks resulting from MCAD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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