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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2014 Apr 1;116(7):837-43. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00663.2013. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Timing of return from altitude training for optimal sea level performance.

Author information

1
Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana;

Abstract

While a number of published studies exist to guide endurance athletes with the best practices regarding implementation of altitude training, a key unanswered question concerns the proper timing of return to sea level prior to major competitions. Evidence reviewed here suggests that, altogether, the deacclimatization responses of hematological, ventilatory, and biomechanical factors with return to sea level likely interact to determine the best timing for competitive performance.

KEYWORDS:

endurance athletes; hematological acclimatization; live high-train low; neocytolysis; oxygen cost of breathing; ventilatory acclimatization

PMID:
24336885
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00663.2013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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