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Elife. 2013 Dec 12;2:e01020. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01020.

Rasgrp1 mutation increases naive T-cell CD44 expression and drives mTOR-dependent accumulation of Helios⁺ T cells and autoantibodies.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Abstract

Missense variants are a major source of human genetic variation. Here we analyze a new mouse missense variant, Rasgrp1(Anaef), with an ENU-mutated EF hand in the Rasgrp1 Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Rasgrp1(Anaef) mice exhibit anti-nuclear autoantibodies and gradually accumulate a CD44(hi) Helios(+) PD-1(+) CD4(+) T cell population that is dependent on B cells. Despite reduced Rasgrp1-Ras-ERK activation in vitro, thymocyte selection in Rasgrp1(Anaef) is mostly normal in vivo, although CD44 is overexpressed on naïve thymocytes and T cells in a T-cell-autonomous manner. We identify CD44 expression as a sensitive reporter of tonic mTOR-S6 kinase signaling through a novel mouse strain, chino, with a reduction-of-function mutation in Mtor. Elevated tonic mTOR-S6 signaling occurs in Rasgrp1(Anaef) naïve CD4(+) T cells. CD44 expression, CD4(+) T cell subset ratios and serum autoantibodies all returned to normal in Rasgrp1(Anaef)Mtor(chino) double-mutant mice, demonstrating that increased mTOR activity is essential for the Rasgrp1(Anaef) T cell dysregulation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01020.001.

KEYWORDS:

ENU mutant; RasGRP1; T lymphoctes; autoimmunity; mTOR; signaling

PMID:
24336796
PMCID:
PMC3858598
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.01020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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