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Cell. 2013 Dec 19;155(7):1639-51. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2013.11.029. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Collective invasion in breast cancer requires a conserved basal epithelial program.

Author information

1
Departments of Cell Biology and Oncology, Center for Cell Dynamics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
2
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
3
Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
4
Departments of Cell Biology and Oncology, Center for Cell Dynamics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: aewald2@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

Carcinomas typically invade as a cohesive multicellular unit, a process termed collective invasion. It remains unclear how different subpopulations of cancer cells contribute to this process. We developed three-dimensional (3D) organoid assays to identify the most invasive cancer cells in primary breast tumors. Collective invasion was led by specialized cancer cells that were defined by their expression of basal epithelial genes, such as cytokeratin-14 (K14) and p63. Furthermore, K14+ cells led collective invasion in the major human breast cancer subtypes. Importantly, luminal cancer cells were observed to convert phenotypically to invasive leaders following induction of basal epithelial genes. Although only a minority of cells within luminal tumors expressed basal epithelial genes, knockdown of either K14 or p63 was sufficient to block collective invasion. Our data reveal that heterotypic interactions between epithelial subpopulations are critical to collective invasion. We suggest that targeting the basal invasive program could limit metastatic progression.

PMID:
24332913
PMCID:
PMC3941206
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2013.11.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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