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J Pediatr. 2014 Mar;164(3):542-5.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.10.088. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in Colombian school children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, MO.
4
Department of Pediatrics, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine prevalence for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in Colombian school children using the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III Version (QPGS-III) and to determine possible risk factors.

STUDY DESIGN:

The QPGS-III was translated into Spanish then reverse translated by a team of bilingual physicians. Focus groups of Colombian children were conducted to assure understanding of the Spanish version. Children at 1 public school and 2 private schools in Pasto, Colombia were invited to participate in a prevalence study using the translated questionnaire.

RESULTS:

A total of 373 children (95 private school, 278 public school), with mean age 9.9 years completed the QPGS-III. Twenty-nine percent of children were diagnosed with FGIDs. FGIDs were more common in females (OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.04-2.56). Functional constipation (14%) was the most common FGID. Irritable bowel syndrome was the most common abdominal pain-related FGID (5.4%). Abdominal migraine (1%) and cyclic vomiting syndrome (0.3%) were the least common FGIDs.

CONCLUSION:

FGIDs are common in Colombian school children.

PMID:
24332822
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.10.088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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